Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), commonly referred to as autism, is a developmental disorder that affects an individual’s communication, behavioral and social skills. It is called a spectrum disorder because the way that it affects one person can severely impact that person whereas with another person it might only impact them slightly. Some people with autism have very high IQ’s while others have very low IQ’s; some people may not be non-verbal while others may be verbal with speech issues and others may speak fluently. Some people may require very little assistance to function in their daily lives, and others may requre complete assistance. You cannot tell that someone has autism simply by looking at them, but once you start to interact with them there are some distinctive ways that they might behave or communicate that are different.
According to the Centers for Disease and Control Prevention, 1 of every 68 children has been diagnosed with ASD, and these children come from all socioeconomic, racial and ethnic groups. Boys are affected by ASD 4,5 times more often than girls.
There is no cure for autism. However, there are interventions that can be applied to help an individual with autism cope with the world around them.
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